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What Causes Tooth Pain?

Tooth pain can be devastating, whether dull and constant or sharp and sudden. Some toothaches can be caused by temporary gum irritation, a bacterial infection, or a broken tooth. Whatever the cause, seek treatment from a dentist to resolve the pain and the problem that’s causing it. Below are common causes of tooth pain.

What Is Tooth Pain?

Tooth pain or toothache occurs when the nerve surrounding a tooth or in the tooth’s root is irritated. Tooth decay, infection, loss, or injury are the most known causes of pain.

The pain can sometimes emerge from other areas, extend to the jaw, and be perceived as tooth pain. Such pain can be caused by sinuses, ear pain, jaw joint, and occasional heart problems.

Tooth pain can be severe or mild, or intermittent or constant, and you may experience:

•    Sharp pain when you touch the tooth
•    Painful sensitivity when you eat cold or hot drinks and foods
•    Achiness and tenderness around or in the tooth
•    Shock-like or burning pain (though not common)
•    Swelling or throbbing pain around the gum or tooth
•    Fever
•    Bad odor
•    Foul-tasting drainage from the infected tooth

Tooth Pain Causes

Damaged Filling

Some people experience pain in the treated tooth days after a filling. Usually, the pain or discomfort disappears after a day or two. If you experience pain days after the filling, it could indicate a problem with the tooth or filling itself.

The pain occurs because the filling is not positioned well and hinders your bite. When the filling is too high, it could cause a malocclusion, which means the teeth will not fit together nicely when you bite down.

Also, the filling used by the dentist could cause pain and sensitivity in the tooth. In such a case, it’s best to book an appointment with a dentist to correct the issue.

Tooth Decay

Tooth decay is caused by not cleaning the gums and teeth or eating a lot of sugary drinks and foods. At first tooth decay may not have any symptoms, but it could lead to problems such as dental cavities when it gets worse. When a hole forms, you may have:

•    Black or brown spots on the tooth
•    Toothache
•    Sensitive teeth (sharp pain when you drink or eat sweet, cold, or hot things)

If the problem is left untreated, it could lead to gum or tooth infection, eventually causing a dental abscess (build-up of pus). When you notice a hole in your tooth, visit a dentist. To reverse the decay, they may prescribe fluoride treatments such as varnish or mouthwash.

They may also fill the cavity (hole) in the tooth. If the problem is severe, your dentist might recommend root canal treatment or extraction.

Infected Gums

A gum infection is also known as gingivitis. When the gums are infected, it can lead to periodontitis or gum disease. Infected gums can occur as a result of:

•    Smoking
•    Cancer and cancer treatments
•    Hormonal changes
•    Poor diet
•    Genetics
•    Health conditions such as diabetes
•    Not cleaning the mouth and teeth properly

Infected gums have bacteria that can build up in areas surrounding tooth roots. When left untreated, it can lead to an infection around the gum tissue, causing a toothache.

Gum disease can shrink gums and the bone that clench teeth in place. A dentist will fix this problem to prevent the loosening of teeth, an issue that can cause cavities.

Broken Tooth

Teeth can break, crack, or chip despite being strong. Teeth fracture can happen due to situations like:

•    Cavities that cause weak tooth
•    Being hit in the mouth or face
•    Falling
•    Biting down hard on something
•    Having old, large amalgam fillings that don’t offer support to the entire tooth enamel

Major tooth fractures can cause pain because of damage to the nerve found inside the tooth. When nerve endings are exposed to hot or cold drinks or food or air, it can lead to extreme discomfort and pain.

If you have a fractured tooth, visit a dentist at LeDowns Dentistry. We will identify the most appropriate treatment to fix the problem.

Grinding Jaws

Teeth grinding can cause toothache because it can stress the jaw and teeth. The strain may also cause a person to develop pain and aches in the neck and face.

Bruxism causes damage to the teeth, resulting in tooth pain. The greatest damage can happen to the enamel, which wears down quickly, revealing the dentin beneath.

Other damage that can occur include increased decay, fracturing the teeth and, in worse cases, tooth loss, leading to discomfort and pain. Contact a dentist at LeDowns Dentistry if you think that you’re dealing with bruxism.

Choose the Best Dentist to Help With Tooth Pain

The cause of tooth pain is usually linked to natural erosion of the tooth enamel or gums. If you are experiencing tooth pain or hypersensitivity, you need dental care. Even though tooth pain is not usually a dental emergency, visiting a dentist will help to rule out serious causes.

At LeDowns Dentistry, we specialize in many areas but focus more on cosmetic dentistry and full-mouth restoration. Whether you need restorative services or preventative services, our team can help. Contact us to schedule an appointment.

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